The Travel Notes Guide to Christmas in Europe
presents a gift-wrapped selection of European Christmas markets and last-minute shopping
tips for unique gifts.
This could well be the best Christmas shopping list for unique gifts
from Amsterdam to Zurich.
Tasting the regional specialities are all part of the Christmas market
experience. Join in the ambiance and sample the delights on offer.
The A to Z of
Christmas Markets in Europe:
Updated for 2016, complete with newly released photographs and video
My first experience of a traditional Christmas Market on mainland
Europe was when I lived in Montreux, in 1996.
I had been skiing over
Christmas in Switzerland, France and Italy before that but I don't seem to remember
much of a fuss being made about the Christmas markets during Advent in those days. Perhaps
because we were in such a rush to test the snow on the ski slopes.
Now there are websites created just with Christmas markets in mind,
and millions of search returns for the term 'Christmas Markets'.If you travel in Europe around Christmas you'll probably stumble on at
least one Christmas market without expecting to, or maybe just a row of empty wooden huts.
While you might think that all Christmas markets would be open during
Christmas, quite often the opposite is true.
Some markets might only be open for a few days; in November. Others,
including ones like Bratislava, tend to wind down for Christmas Eve. In 2009, I was
pleasantly surprised to find a Christmas market along the river in Ljubljana still in full
flow; on New Year's Eve.
If you intend to visit one of the more famous Christmas markets, be
prepared to pay inflated hotel prices; if the
rooms aren't already fully booked. Another option is to stay somewhere else, then travel
in to the Christmas market and experience its unique atmosphere for a day.
At various Christmas markets around Europe I've seen many pleasant
displays of arts and crafts with artisans busily creating new items before my eyes; smelt
various aromas of regional produce being cooked under my nose; drank all sorts of fruity,
spicy and very tasty variations of mulled wine (Gluhwein in German or Vin Chaud in
French); heard the sweet sound of innocent choral voices in a variety of foreign tongues;
felt snowflakes touch my rosy cheeks before silently melting away; and bought some truly
original gifts for loved ones.
Maybe this will inspire you to visit a Christmas market or two.
Christmas markets are ideal for some last-minute Christmas shopping for
that unique, hand-made gift for a loved one.
While Austria and Switzerland also hold Christmas markets (Marche de
Noel, in French) some Swiss take organised coach trips to Germany, Stuttgart in
particular, around this time of year - just for the Christmas market.
Some Christmas markets start in November but I think the atmosphere of
a Christmas market is better when you visit one in December, possibly on or after December
6th - the celebration of St. Nikolaus (the day St. Nicholas died in
It also helps if it snows.
Choosing a Christmas Market
If you like the taste of Gluhwein and the smell of roasted
chestnuts on a cold winter's evening, then you'll love the Christmas market atmosphere;
the glittering lights in historic city centres beckoning you to the wooden stalls offering
a wide range of artefacts and local produce.
Make a bulk purchase of regional hams and salamis and you could get a
bottle of Schnapps thrown in.
in Amsterdam: (Dec 06 to Jan 11)
There are a number of Christmas markets in and around Amsterdam. The
Haarlem Christmas Market takes place on the weekend of 10th and 11th
December and the Westergasfabriek Funky Xmas Market on the 11th. A
vintage Christmas experience in Alkmaar also competes for your attention
on the same weekend.
in Augsburg: (Nov 21 to Dec 24)
The Christmas market in Augsburg is one of Germany's oldest, having
originated as early as the 15th century. Located on the marketplace in
front of the Augsburg town hall.
Baden-Baden: (Nov 21 to Dec 30)
The Baden-Baden Christmas market spreads out in front of the Kurhaus Colonnades.
Visit if you feel like a little spin on the roulette wheel while you're at it.
Barcelona: (Nov 25 to Dec 23)
Located along the Avenida de la Catedral, the Fira de Santa Llucia has
been a Christmas tradition in Barcelona since 1786. Also visit the
Holy Experience at Sagrada Familia - from 6pm to 8pm on 21st, 22nd
and 23rd December, 2016.
in Berlin: (Nov 21 to Jan 01)
Germany's capital is home to some 60 Christmas markets; ranging from traditional markets,
with handicraft and nativity scene, to extraordinary ones, with ice skating rink and
Visit Berlin even puts out a special PDF document to list all the various
opening times with links to individual
markets around Berlin.
Bratislava: (Nov 18 to Dec 22)
The first time we stayed in Bratislava at Christmas, the
Carlton Hotel (close to the US Embassy) offered visitors an amazing festive deal. Even
today, if you can get a double room here for 85 or under, take it!
The collection of
stalls outside the hotel is not the main Christmas market, for that you'll need to walk up
to Hlavne namestie (Main Square). It's not far. That's the beauty of Bratislava, its much
smaller than Prague or Vienna and has a very cosy feel.
in Brussels: (Nov 25 to Jan 01)
Experience the 'Pleasures of Winter' (Plaisirs d'Hiver/Winter Pret) in Belgium's capital,
where some 240 chalets await you; between the ice rink at the fish market (Marche aux
Poissons) to Place Sainte Catherine. Use metro stations Bourse or Ste Catherine.
in Budapest: (Nov 11 to Jan 01)
Located on Vorosmarty ter (square), I was lucky enough to visit the Budapest Christmas Fair
ten years ago and thoroughly enjoyed it. The nice thing here is the performances of
Hungarian folk music with folk dancers clothed in colourful, traditional dress. Not to
mention the spicy sausages oozing grease.
Watch the Video.
in Colmar: (Nov 25 to Dec 30)
The timber-framed houses in Colmar are divine any time of year but once the lights and
Christmas decorations get added you really do have the Magic of Noel glittering all
in Cologne: (Nov 21 to Dec 23)
Koln has a number of Christmas markets to choose from. Although
Neumarkt is the scene of Cologne's oldest Christmas market, Alter Markt
- in front of Cologne's town hall
- is probably the city's most attractive. Cologne's Cathedral is the scene for another Christmas
market; or you can
try the Harbour Christmas Market, overlooking the Rhine.
in Copenhagen: (Nov 11 to Dec 31)
Visitors to Copenhagen shouldn't miss the Tivoli Illuminations. You can then move on
to a number of other Christmas markets around wonderful Copenhagen.
Watch the Video.
in Ceske Krumlov: (Nov 25 to Jan 06)
If you're looking for a quiet, romantic Christmas atmosphere then Ceske Krumlov could be
the place. The old medieval-style market comes to life on Advent weekends; in a
slow-moving, appealing way. Don't miss out on a walk up around the castle; added to the
list of UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Monuments in 1992.
in Dresden: (Nov 24 to Dec.24)
Dating from 1434,
Dresden's Striezelmarkt (named after the bread-like sweetcake made
around Christmas time) is the oldest Christmas market in Germany;
celebrating its 582nd anniversary in 2016.
Dresden Frauenkirche has been
since we last visited Dresden, so enjoy the sightseeing too.
in Frankfurt: (Nov 23 to Dec 22)
This is the time of year when Germany's financial centre takes its mind off the money
Standing in Frankfurt's Paulsplatz, the Christmas tree seems to tower above the
surrounding facades. Look back down again and start seeking out those special Christmas
Frankfurt's Christmas market is set in the oldest part of the city,
near the Romerberg. Specialities include Brenten (almond cookies), Bethmannchen
(marzipan balls), and Quetschenmannchen (prune figures).
in Innsbruck: (Nov 15 to Jan 06)
I'd probably put the Innsbruck Christmas market in third place; behind Vienna and Salzburg
but if you're in Tyrol (or Tirol, as the Austrians say) then I'm sure you won't be
The Golden Roof seems to attract visitors like a magnet, and that's where
you'll find the main Innsbruck Christmas market. There are also Christmas markets at
Marktplatz and along the main shopping street of Maria-Theresien-Strasse.
in Konstanz: (Nov 24 to Dec 22)
The Weihnachtsmarkt am See might not rank in the premier league of
German Christmas markets but
if you're in the Lake Constance (Bodensee) area it's pleasant enough; stretching as it does from the
main square, under the main road that leads to the train station, and out onto an area
around the lake.
in Krakow: (Nov 25 to Dec 26)
If you fancy a Polish Christmas, Krakow's Rynek (main square) is the place to go; although
some might prefer the smaller
at Christmas (Nov 18 to Dec 22).
Lille: (Nov 18 to Dec 30)
Being just an Eurostar ride away from London St Pancras, Lille is
popular with visiting Brits. Be sure you don't arrive too late or you'll
have to sit at a restaurant and look at the spinning Big Wheel that
you've probably seen so many pictures of, as the nearby wooden chalets
on Place Rihour close at 8pm during the week.
in Ljubljana: (Nov 25 to Jan 01)
If you can get a room at the
Hotel Union Ljubljana you're perfectly placed to enjoy a stroll
along the Ljubjanica river in the centre of the town; where the
Ljubljana Festive Fair is
The abundance of blue lights in the old town make for a different feel to your
in London: (Nov 18 to Jan 02)
Once the Regents Street Christmas lights are turned on in November it's hoped that the
tills keep ringing all the way in to the New Year.
Winter Wonderland returns to London for the 10th year.
Lubeck: (Nov 21 to Dec 30)
An UNESCO World Heritage site, Lubeck's Christmas market was first mentioned in historical
documents way back in 1648. Today the city markets itself as the 'Christmas Capital of
in Luxembourg: (Nov 22 to Dec 24)
During the Winterlights Festival, Luxembourg's Christmas markets can be found on
Place de la Constitution, Place d'Armes (Chreschtmaart) and Place de Paris (Marche Saint-Nicolas). The markets close
at 5pm on Christmas Eve.
Christmas in Metz:
(Nov 23 to Jan 15)
There are a number of Christmas Markets in Metz but the main
Festive Fair takes place around Place St Louis. The Marche Gourmande
(Nov 19 to Dec 28) is located north of the Cathedral.
View the Video.
We stayed at the 4-star
La Citadelle MGallery by Sofitel, close to the Chapelle des
Templiers. If you want to eat at the hotel restaurant, you meed need to
reserve a table in advance though; especially during the build up to
Le Republicain Lorrain publishes a full listing
Marches de Noel in and around Metz.
in Montreux: (Nov 24 to Dec 24)
Having lived in Montreux for a while, with a stunning view of Lac Leman (Lake Geneva), I
still have a soft spot for the French-speaking region of Switzerland.
The Christmas market
in Montreux has expanded since I had my first experience of Montreux Noel and there's now
at nearby Chateau de Chillon (Dec 03 to Dec 18).
in Munich: (Nov 25 to Dec 24)
Munich's traditional Christmas Market is held on and around the Marienplatz. Originally
called the Nicholas Market, the festive tradition dates back to the 14th century. The
town's annals first mention Christmas activity near the Frauenkirche (Church of our Lady)
The Neuhauser Strasse
manger market is also worth a visit.
Although the main Munich Christmas Market spreads out from the Town
Hall, there are plenty of other
markets around Munich to choose from.
Mulhouse: (Nov 24 to Dec 23)
If you really want to visit a
Christmas market in Alsace and the hotel rooms in Strasbourg
and Colmar are either fully booked or too expensive, then you might want to consider
Mulhouse as an alternative.
Some of the villages around
South Alsace only have
a Christmas market for a day or two; many competing with each other on the same day.
in Nancy: (Nov 25 to Dec 31)
As the Patron Saint of Lorraine,
Nicholas is afforded a special parade and celebrations on Place Stanislas, during the
first weekend of December. Nancy's main Christmas market is held around place Maginot.
in Nuremberg: (Nov 25 to Dec 24)
The famous Nurnberger Christkindlesmarkt is located on the Nurnberger Hauptmarkt (main
market square). While the earliest Christmas market was held here in 1628 and some two
million visitors are attracted to Nuremberg's Christmas market annually, it is neither the
oldest nor largest Christmas market in Germany.
in Paris: (Nov 11 to Jan 08)
From Champs-Elysees to Montparnasse; La Defense to Saint-Germain-des-Pres,
the Alsace-influenced wooden chalets spring up around the capital of
Christmas in Prague:
(Nov 26 to Jan 06)
The Christmas markets in Prague are centred around the Old Town and Wenceslas Squares. In
the last few days before Christmas you'll probably see plenty of live carp for sale; as
it's tradition to eat the fish on Christmas Eve.
in Rome: (Nov 26 to Jan 06)
The Mercatino di Natale e Festa della Befana (Italy's good witch who gives Italian
children presents on Epiphany - 6th January) takes place around Rome's Piazza Navona.
When in Rome, you're also at the home of the
Christmas Eve Mass
(Solemnity of the Lord's Birth) - at the Vatican.
in Rothenburg ob der Tauber: (Nov 25 to Dec. 23)
The medieval setting in the walled city of Rothenburg makes the Reiterlesmarkt a special
event for those who like to feel as though they're stepping back in time.
The German Christmas Museum
is also located in Rothenburg; a glittering place to visit any time of
View the Video.
in Salzburg: (Nov 17 to Dec 26)
Although Salzburg's Christkindlmarkt on Cathedral Square is the main event there are
plenty more Christmas markets in and around Salzburg to keep you feeling festive for well
over a month. Be sure not to miss the Advent market in the courtyard of Hohensalzburg
Fortress (up on the hill) or the Christmas Market down on Mirabell Square.
Watch the Video.
in Strasbourg: (Nov 25 to Dec 31)
Marketed as the 'Capital of Christmas', Strasbourg staged its first Marche de Noel in
1570 - making it the oldest in France - and now boasts eleven Christmas markets to choose
The Christmas market in Strasbourg (Alsace)
is so popular that coach tours are even organised from Switzerland and hotels seem booked
out months in advance.
in Stuttgart: (Nov 23 to Dec 23)
Although a seemingly modern metropolis in southern Germany, Stuttgart's Christmas market
tradition still goes back over three hundred years.
Christmas in Tallin:
(Nov 18 to Jan 07)
Estonia's Christmas tradition is celebrated around the huts radiating out from the
country's tallest Christmas tree, on Town Hall Square.
On December 17th and 18th the
Christmas Village, at the Estonian
Open Air Museum, shares the story of an Estonian village from a century
in Turku: (Nov 26 to Jan 13)
Billed as the 'Christmas City of Finland', Turku's Christmas Markets are
located in the Old Great Square and Market Square.
If you have to work over Christmas you might be
pleased to know that the Christmas atmosphere continues in Turku right
up to St. Knut's Day, on the 13th of January.
in Vienna: (Nov 11 to Dec 26)
While first stop might be the traditional Christmas market in front of Vienna's City Hall,
you'll also want to visit the
at Schonbrunn Palace, the Old Viennese Christmas Market (Altwiener Christkindlmarkt) at
Freyung (they've held a Christmas market here since 1772), and the picturesque setting for
a Christmas market at
in Wurzburg: (Nov 25 to Dec 23)
Located in the Franconia region of Northern Bavaria, this romantic setting might be a
little off the beaten track for most people, but that's what's makes a winter visit along
the Romantische Strasse (Romantic
Christmas in Zagreb:
(Nov 26 to Jan 08)
The capital of Croatia holds its traditional Christmas Fair in the streets surrounding
in Zurich: (Nov 24 to Dec 24)
If you arrive in Zurich by train you'll be greeted by Europe's largest indoor Christmas
Stroll out along Bahnhofstrasse for some elegant Christmas shopping
under dripping lights, then
cross the Limmat for a little romantic Christmas atmosphere in
Niederdorfstrasse; as you make your way up to Bellevue and the
Sechselautenplatz, in front of the Opera.
On December 6th, most restaurants will put out bowls of nuts,
oranges and chocolates for their customers.
The Christmas market itself is not as big an event as in neighbouring
Germany, Austria or France but many places do have smaller markets that run for a few
With Montreux and Zurich already listed, other notable
Christmas markets in Switzerland can be found in
largest Christmas market in Switzerland - Nov 24 to Dec 23), Bern
a number of marches de Noel around the city), Lucerne (Luzerner
A number of smaller towns also hold shorter events,
but they really do need snow (lacking this year) to give them a
romantic, Yuletide feel.
Directory of travel tweeps on Twitter.
More Christmas Markets
There's no worries about the trees being called holiday trees in
Germany. Here they're still traditional Christmas trees (Christbaum), or Weihnachtsbaume.
Large listing of Christmas Markets in Germany.
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